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CIE经济 | 今年真题考点详解(2)

2019.05.31 11:26 · 其他课程   泉源:


CQ9棋牌 在上期内容中,我们讲了CIE真题的前两道题。

明天,我们一连剖析第三题和第四题。

第三题考点是盘算 transition rate,同时我们温习一下GDP相关知识点。

CQ9棋牌 What Is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?

甚么是GDP?

CQ9棋牌 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a broad measurement of a nation’s overall economic activity. It is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period.

CQ9棋牌 GDP 即国际临盆总值,是权衡一个国家所有经济运动的普遍目的。它是一个国家在特准时间内临盆的所有制品和服务的泉币价值。

GDP includes:

all private and public consumption
government outlays
investments
additions to private inventories
paid-in construction costs and the foreign balance of trade
(exports are added,imports are subtracted)

GDP 网罗所有私人和公共破费、政府支出、投资、增添私人库存、支付的作育资源和对外商业差额(增添出口,减去出口)。

明确了GDP的基本看法,我们回偏激来看这道题,效果问Which country made the slowest rate of transition.

要切切重视这里问的是rate而不是difference,以是我们不克不及做加减运算,而是要做乘除运算,

即2000年的数据除以1995的数据得出来transition rate,然后比巨细便可以知道准确谜底是A

CQ9棋牌 接上去我们看第4题。

这里,我们先温习每个选项中的看法。

Free goods

自在商品

CQ9棋牌 A free good is a good that is not scarce and therefore is available without limit.

CQ9棋牌 自在商品是一种不稀缺的商品,是以是无限的。

A free good is available in as great a quantity as desired with zero opportunity cost to society.

CQ9棋牌 A good that is made available at zero price is not necessarily a free good.

CQ9棋牌 一种收费的商品,其数目和所需数目一样多,对社会来讲,时机资源为零。以零价钱供应的商品不用定是收费商品。

Merit goods

优等品

Merit goods are those goods and services that the government feels that people will under-consume and which ought to be subsidised or provided free at the point of use so that consumption does not depend primarily on the ability to pay for the good or service.

优等品是指政府以为人们破费缺乏的商品和服务,在应用时应给予津贴或收费供应,这样破费就不主要取决于支付商品或服务的才干。

Private Goods

私人物品

CQ9棋牌 A private good is a product that must be purchased to be consumed and

consumptionby one individual prevents another individual from consuming it.

私人物品是必须购置才干破费的产物,一小我的破费会阻挡此外一小我破费。

In other words,a good is considered to be a private good if there is competition between individuals to obtain the good and if consuming the good prevents someone else from consuming it.

换言之,假定小我之间为了取得商品而存在竞争,而且假定破费商品阻挡他人破费,那么商品被以为是私人商品。

Public Goods

公共物品

Public goods are the opposite of privategoods.

CQ9棋牌 公共物品与私人物品是对立的。

Public goods are generally open for all to use and consumption by one party does not deter another party's ability to use it.

CQ9棋牌 公共物品浅易是开放给所有人应用的,一方的破费并没有误差此外一方应用公共物品的才干。

It is also not excludable,preventing the use of the good by another is not possible.

这也是弗成扫除的,阻挡他人应用商品是弗成能的。

CQ9棋牌 Many public goods can be consumed at no cost.

许多公共物品可以收费破费。

CQ9棋牌 Water fountains in public places would qualify as public goods, since they can be used by anyone and there is no reasonable possibility of it becoming fully used up.

CQ9棋牌 Public television received over the air and standard AM or FM local radio also qualify, as any number of people can watch of listen to the broadcast without affecting other people's ability to do so.

CQ9棋牌 果真场所的饮水机可以作为公共物品,由于它们可以被任何人应用,而且没有充实应用的能够性。经由历程广播吸收的公共电视和尺度AM或FM当地电台也切合条件,由于任何数目的人都可以不雅不雅看收听广播,而不会影响其他人不雅不雅看广播的才干。

经由历程剖析以上看法,我们很容易得,出准确谜底选 C

CQ9棋牌 最后我们来总结一下,本次效果中考察的5个知识点划分是:

  • CQ9棋牌 Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

  • Private Goods

  • Public Goods

  • CQ9棋牌 Merit goods

  • Free goods

CQ9棋牌 你学会了吗?

CQ9棋牌 下期我们接着剖析前面的真题,敬请期待哦


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